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FOOTNOTES  


FN1.     20 U.S.C. 1232g.

 

FN2.     34 C.F.R. 99.3 (definitions of “education records” and “record”) and FPCO Letter to Richard J. Gaumer, Webber, Gaumer & Emanuel, P.C., January 31, 2007. 

 

FN3.      Disclosure of Anonymous Data Under FERPA, (FPCO letter to Matthew J. Pepper, Tennessee Department of Education, November 18, 2004).

 

FN4.     34 C.F.R. 99.3 (definition of “personally identifiable”) and Disclosure of Information Making Student’s Identity Easily Traceable (FPCO letter to Robin Parker, Miami University, October 19, 2004) and Disclosure of Education Records to Texas Office of Attorney General (FPCO letter to School District in Texas, April 6, 2006).

 

FN5.     Unauthorized Access to Education Record Systems (FPCO letter to B. Alan McGraw, Altizer, Walk & White, October 7, 2005).

 

FN6.     FPCO Letter to Diane Layton, Shelton State Community College, August 7, 1998.

 

FN7.     Open Records Request (FPCO letter to Corlis P. Cummings, Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, September 25, 2003).

 

FN8.     Disclosure of Education Records to Legislative Audit Division (FPCO letter to Ardith Lynch, University of Alaska, May 23, 2005).

 

FN9.     Disability Office Records (FPCO letter to David Cope, University of North Alabama, November 2, 2004).

 

FN10.   FPCO Letter to Attorney for School District, October 31, 2003. 

 

FN11.   Trustees of Bates College v. Congregation Beth Abraham, 2001 WL 1671588 (Me. Super. Ct. Feb. 13, 2001).

 

FN12.   Disclosure of Information About Juvenile Registered Sex Offenders (FPCO letter to W. Joseph Hatley, Lathrop & Gage, March 8, 2005).

 

FN13.   FPCO Letter to Dr. Hunter Rawlings III, Cornell University, February 13, 2000.  See also Status of education records and transcripts from public due process hearings (FPCO letter to Jerome D. Schad, Hudgson Russ, LLP, December 23, 2004).

 

FN14.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(11).

 

FN15.   34 C.F.R. 99.3 (definition of “directory information”).

 

FN16.   34 C.F.R. 99.37.

 

FN17.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(1).

 

FN18.  34 C.F.R. 99.7(a)(3)(iii).

 

FN19.   Disclosure of Education Records to Outside Service Providers (FPCO letter to Jeanne-Marie Pochert, Clark County School District Legal Department, June 28, 2006).

 

FN20.   “About the Family Policy Compliance Office”.

 

FN21.   “Model Notification Rights under FERPA for Postsecondary Institutions”.

 

FN22.   34 C.F.R. 99.36(a).

 

FN23.   Disclosure of Immunization Records (FPCO letter to Martha Holloway, Department of Education, February 25, 2004) and Applicability of FERPA to Health and Other State Reporting Requirements (FPCO letter to Melanie P. Baise, The University of New Mexico, November 29, 2004).

 

FN24.   School Official Using Access to Education Records without Legitimate Educational Interest; Limits of Health or Safety Emergency Exception (FPCO letter to J. Chris Toe, Strayer University, March 11, 2005).

 

FN25.   Disclosure of Immunization Records (FPCO letter to Martha Holloway, Department of Education, February 25, 2004).

 

FN26.   34 C.F.R. 99.5 (a), 34 C.F.R. 99.3 (definition of “eligible student”) and Potential Conflict with State Law (FPCO letter to Omero Suarez, Grossmont-Cuyamaca Community College District, January 16, 2004).

 

FN27.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(8).

 

FN28.   Parents of dependent students, disclosure to (FPCO letter to Robert E. Bienstock, The University of New Mexico, October 29, 1993).

 

FN29.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(15)(i).

 

FN30.   20 U.S.C. 1232g (h).  Of course, information about less serious offenses also may be recorded.

 

FN31.   34 C.F.R. 99.36(b).

 

FN32.  34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(14).

 

FN33.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(13).

 

FN34.   34 C.F.R. 99.39.

 

FN35.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(2).

 

FN36.  For model language, see “Model Notification Rights under FERPA for Postsecondary Institutions”.

 

FN37.   34 C.FR 99.34(a)(1).

 

FN38.   34 CFR 99.34(a)(2) and (3).

 

FN39.   34 C.F.R. 99.3 (part (b)(2) of the definition of “education records”) and 34 C.F.R. 99.8.  See also Law Enforcement Unit Records (FPCO letter to Judith S. Bresler and Michael S. Molinaro, Reese & Carney, LLP, February 15, 2006). 

 

FN40.   34 C.F.R. 99.8(b)(2)(i).

 

FN41.   34 C.F.R. 99.8(c)(2).

 

FN42.   34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(9)(ii) and Blanket Court Orders (FPCO letter to Monique C. Shay, Los Angeles County Office of Education, and Kelly Rozmus Barnes, Los Angeles Unified School District, March 28, 2006).

 

FN43.    34 C.F.R. 99.31(a)(9)(ii)(A) and (B).

 

FN44.   School Official Using Access to Education Records without Legitimate Educational Interest; Limits of Health or Safety Emergency Exception (FPCO letter to J. Chris Toe, Strayer University, March 11, 2005).  This “exception” does not apply, however, if the employee gained the personal knowledge in the course of making an official determination that has been or will be recorded.  For example, a faculty member who awarded a student a grade or a judicial affairs officer who suspended a student cannot disclose that information even though it is based on “personal knowledge”.  See FPCO Letter to Elvira Strehle-Henson, University of Colorado at Boulder, February 11, 2005.

 

FN45.   Not all campus health providers are covered by HIPAA.  For those that are, HIPAA expressly provides that it does not apply to records that are protected by FERPA.